A Defensive Computing Checklist    by Michael Horowitz
NOTE: I gave a presentation on Defensive Computing at the HOPE conference in July 2022
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FAKE VOICES

Artificial Intelligence allows bad guys to learn someone's voice and vocal patterns and then manipulate it to scam people. Thomas Brewster has said "Once a technology confined to the realm of fictional capers like Mission: Impossible, voice cloning is now widely available." This scam is too new to have an official name yet. I have seen it referred to with all these terms:

  1. Voice fraud
  2. Voice phishing or the shortened version: vishing
  3. Voice cloning
  4. Voice swapping
  5. Artificial voice
  6. AI voice cloning and A.I.-generated audio
  7. Synthetic Audio and Deepfake Audio and Audio Deepfakes
  8. Deep Voice, and the generic, DeepFake

IMPROVING TECH

January 9, 2023. It is bad enough that, when we get a phone call, the callerid can be faked. Now, faking the voice is getting better and easier. Microsoft's new AI can simulate anyone’s voice with 3 seconds of audio by Benj Edwards for Ars Technica. It claimed that this new system can preserve the speaker's emotional tone and acoustic environment. Quoting: "Microsoft researchers announced a new text-to-speech AI model called VALL-E that can closely simulate a person's voice when given a three-second audio sample ... VALL-E can synthesize audio of that person saying anything - and do it in a way that attempts to preserve the speaker's emotional tone. Unlike other text-to-speech methods ... VALL-E generates discrete audio codec codes from text and acoustic prompts. It basically analyzes how a person sounds, breaks that information into discrete components (called 'tokens') thanks to EnCodec, and uses training data to match what it 'knows' about how that voice would sound if it spoke other phrases outside of the three-second sample.".

SCAMS DONE WITH FAKE VOICES

VOICE SCAM DEFENSE

CONSUMER USES of FAKE VOICES and AI

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